Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; Femtosecond laser; Double-pulse; Enhancement mechanism;INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY; SIGNAL ENHANCEMENT; METALLIC SAMPLES; OPTICAL-EMISSION; ABLATION; NANOSECOND; SILICON; ALUMINUM; SINGLE; COPPER
A dual-wavelength femtosecond double-pulse laser is used to induce the Cu plasma spectroscopy in air. The laser wavelengths are a fundamental wavelength (800 nm) and a second harmonic wavelength (400 nm) from Ti:sapphire laser. The inter-pulse delay of double-pulse is from 300 ps to 160 ps. The observed spectral intensity is dependent on the inter-pulse delay of the dual-wavelength femtosecond double-pulse. We analyze the characteristics of the plasma temperature and the electron number density on the inter-pulse delay of double-pulse with two different wavelengths. For 800 nm + 400 nm, the spectral emission enhancement is based on more material ablation. For 400 nm + 800 nm, the enhanced mechanism is plasma reheating effect. This study will provide a better way to understand the mechanism of femtosecond double-pulse LIBS. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.