Femtosecond laser ablation; Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Spectrochemical imaging; YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO); Thin film;OPTICAL-EMISSION SPECTROMETRY; MASS-SPECTROMETRY; ABLATION; SURFACE; SAMPLES; LIBS; PULSES; IDENTIFICATION; METALS; DAMAGE
We investigate femtosecond laser-induced breakdown-spectroscopy (fs-LIBS) for the spectrochemical imaging of thin films with high spatial resolution. Chemical images are obtained by recording LIBS spectra at each site of 2D raster-scans across the samples employing one fs-laser pulse per site. The diffraction images of the Echelle spectrometer are binned to reduce the read-out time of the intensified CCD detector and to increase the stability of the emission signals against peak drifts in the echellograms. For copper thin films on glass the intensities of Cu I emission lines and the size of ablation craters vary non-monotonously with the film thickness h(Cu) = 5-500 nm. The emission efficiency, defined as the Cu I line intensity per ablated volume, strongly decreases for films thicker than the optical penetration depth. The Na I line intensity from glass increases exponentially with decreasing Cu film thickness. For yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) thin films on MgO various atomic and molecular emission lines of the laser-induced plasma are measured (film thickness h(YBCO) = 200-1000 nm). The obtained element (Y, Ba, Cu, Mg) and molecular (Y-O) fs-LIBS images match the structure of the micro-patterned YBCO films very well. The achieved lateral resolution delta r = 6 mu m is among the best values reported for spectrochemical LIBS imaging. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.