Hu, X. Y. ; Chen, X. ; Chen, X. J. ; Jiang, J. ; Shi, Y. J. ; Ye, P. C. ; Yuan, L. M. ; Yuan, M. S. ; Zhu, D. H.
toxic heavy metal; laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Tegillarca granosa; discrimination analysis; wavelet transform algorithm (WTA);INFRARED-SPECTROSCOPY; CULTURAL-HERITAGE; TRACE-METALS; LABEO-ROHITA; IDENTIFICATION; LIBS; CADMIUM; SAMPLES; MODEL; ZINC
Tegillarca granosa samples contaminated artificially by three kinds of toxic heavy metals including zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) were attempted to be distinguished using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technology and pattern recognition methods in this study. The measured spectra were firstly processed by a wavelet transform algorithm (WTA), then the generated characteristic information was subsequently expressed by an information gain algorithm (IGA). As a result, 30 variables obtained were used as input variables for three classifiers: partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), support vector machine (SVM), and random forest (RF), among which the RF model exhibited the best performance, with 93.3% discrimination accuracy among those classifiers. Besides, the extracted characteristic information was used to reconstruct the original spectra by inverse WTA, and the corresponding attribution of the reconstructed spectra was then discussed. This work indicates that the healthy shellfish samples of Tegillarca granosa could be distinguished from the toxic heavy-metal-contaminated ones by pattern recognition analysis combined with LIBS technology, which only requires minimal pretreatments.