Momcilovic, M. ; Mutic, J. ; Savovic, J. J. ; Staicu, A. ; Trtica, M.
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIES); Transversely excited atmospheric carbon dioxide (TEA CO2) laser; Powdered organic samples; Spirulina; Quantitative analysis;INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY; INDUCED GAS PLASMA; PLANT MATERIALS; QUANTITATIVE-ANALYSIS; LIBS; EMISSION; MICRONUTRIENTS; OPTIMIZATION; SPECTROMETRY; CO2-LASER
The aim of this study was to develop a simple laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) method for quantitative elemental analysis of powdered biological materials based on laboratory prepared calibration samples. The analysis was done using ungated single pulse LIBS in ambient air at atmospheric pressure. Transversely-Excited Atmospheric pressure (TEA) CO2 laser was used as an energy source for plasma generation on samples. The material used for the analysis was a blue-green alga Spirulina, widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries and also in a few biotechnological applications. To demonstrate the analytical potential of this particular LIBS system the obtained spectra were compared to the spectra obtained using a commercial LIBS system based on pulsed Nd:YAG laser. A single sample of known concentration was used to estimate detection limits for Ba, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Si and Sr and compare detection power of these two LIES systems. TEA CO2 laser based LIES was also applied for quantitative analysis of the elements in powder Spirulina samples. Analytical curves for Ba, Fe, Mg, Mn and Sr were constructed using laboratory produced matrix-matched calibration samples. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) was used as the reference technique for elemental quantification, and reasonably well agreement between ICP and LIBS data was obtained. Results confirm that, in respect to its sensitivity and precision, TEA CO2 laser based LIBS can be successfully applied for quantitative analysis of macro and micro-elements in algal samples. The fact that nearly all classes of materials can be prepared as powders implies that the proposed method could be easily extended to a quantitative analysis of different kinds of materials, organic, biological or inorganic. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.