IWDTF; LIBS; Animal manure composts; Cu; Zn;HEAVY-METAL CONTENTS; MULTIELEMENT ANALYSIS; ACCURACY IMPROVEMENT; MINERAL FERTILIZERS; LIVESTOCK FEEDS; TRACE-ELEMENTS; SPECTROMETRY; LIBS; CONTAMINANTS; TRANSFORM
Spectral denoising offers a basis for effective and accurate quantitative modeling of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). To provide a solution for the defects of the traditional hard threshold function (HTF) and the soft threshold function (STF) for wavelet denoising methods, an improved wavelet dual threshold function (IWDTF) has been developed. Simulation analyses proved that the IWDTF could provide abetter denoising performance than the traditional functions. The IWDTF was applied to LIBS denoising and quantitative modeling of the Cu and Zn contents in representative Chinese aerobic composting samples. The results showed that the best spectral denoising effects for the Cu and Zn models were achieved when the adjustment parameters k(0), a, and theta were 0.9, 0.7 x lambda(1), and 0.1 x pi, and 0.2, 0.2 x lambda(1), and 0.1 x pi, respectively, and corresponding models' performances for Cu and Zn were both greatly improved, yielding R-p(2) of 0.9807 and 0.9177, RMSEP of 67.49 mg/kg and 84.92 mg/kg, and RPD of 3.12 and 3.07, respectively. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V.