Busser, B. ; Charles, J. ; Motto-Ros, V. ; Pelascini, F. ; Pinel, N. ; Sabatier-Vincent, M. ; Sancey, L. ; Templier, I. ; Trichard, F.
LIBS imaging; Elemental imaging; Human paraffin-embedded tissue; Skin cancer;PLASMA-MASS SPECTROMETRY; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA; X-RAY MICROSCOPY; LA-ICP-MS; BIOLOGICAL TISSUE; NANOPARTICLES; SKIN; RESOLUTION; ELEMENTS; METALS
Chemical elements play central roles for physiological homeostasis in human cells, and their dysregulation might lead to a certain number of pathologies. Novel imaging techniques that improve the work of pathologists for tissue analysis and diagnostics are continuously sought. We report the use of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to perform multi-elemental images of human paraffin-embedded skin samples on the entire biopsy scale in a complementary and compatible way with microscope histopathological examination. A specific instrumental configuration is proposed in order to detect most of the elements of medical interest (i.e. P, Al, Mg, Na, Zn, Si, Fe, and Cu). As an example of medical application, we selected and analysed skin biopsies, including healthy skin tissue, cutaneous metastasis of melanoma, Merkel-cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Clear distinctions in the distribution of chemical elements are observed from the different samples investigated. This study demonstrates the high complementarity of LIBS elemental imaging with conventional histopathology, opening new opportunities for any medical application involving metals. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.