Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; Matrix-match standard; Principal component analysis; Heat-treated natural zeolite; Sediment samples;HEAVY-METALS; ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS; LIBS LIMIT; SOILS; SAMPLES; SPECTROMETRY; ALLOYS; TOOL
The dependence of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to the matrix of the sample remains an important consideration in performing quantitative analysis. In this study, a new matrix was introduced in the preparation of solid powder calibration curves. Heat-treated natural zeolite and KBr were mixed separately into high purity metal powders to generate calibration curves using a univariate approach. A LIBS technique was used in the detection and quantitative analysis of Cr, Cu and Pb in river sediment samples. The relative percent difference (RPD) was calculated to describe the variability measurements made using ICP/OES and LIBS as well as to evaluate the accuracy of the method. Calculated limits of detection in the matrices prepared were comparable with literature values and ranged from 0.41 to 6.1 ppm. The resulting metal concentrations indicate that the natural zeolite matrix were closer to the reference values compared to the KBr matrix. By employing principal component analysis (PCA), heat treated zeolite was shown as a potential diluent or binder for generating calibration curves and could provide matrix-matched standards in identification of target metals from unknown sediment samples. The natural zeolite appeared to closely simulate the ablation behavior and property of the samples, and it is found to be a potential suitable matrix for the quantitative LIBS analysis of sediments. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.